The National Park
Location and size
The Austrian part of the National Park covers 1.360 ha, 1.231 ha are nature zones and on 106 ha. of nature zone with management interference for the protection of ecosystems is authorized. The buffer zone comprises 23 ha. The Czech Národiní Park Podyjí is 6.620 ha wide, of which 2.220 ha represent the core zone, 2.260 ha the care zone and 1.780 ha the buffer zone.
The Thaya River constitutes the common border over 25 km. However, the river length differs extremely from the bee-line distance, the latter being only 10 km.
Vranov storage lake and power station
On the Austrian side, the town of Hardegg is the only locality in the National Park Thayatal. With its 80 inhabitants, the cadastral municipality of Hardegg is also the smallest town in Austria.
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colourful deciduous forest
The National Park Thayatal is located on a distinctive climate border. Whereas the eastern part is influenced by the dry Pannonian climate, the humid Atlantic climate dominates on the highlands of the Waldviertel. This is why continental and central European flora and fauna are interspersed in the National Park. The magic of the Thayatal near Hardegg lies in the particularly high diversity of plant species in a small area. The exposure changes constantly along the winding river bends, and the geological habitat factors also differ on a small-scale basis. This is reflected in the flora. In both National Parks 1.288 plant species have been identified so far. In comparison: in the whole of Austria there are 2.950 varieties of plants.
Swallowtail looking for nectar
A current study confirms the occurrence of more than 500 types of lichen, some of them discovered for the first time in Austria. Among the 950 species of butterflies, there are many moths which are rather unremarkable. The 20 types of bats are an indicator of the good environmental conditions these animals find here.